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Most Recent Articles For: respiratory

Written by ncp nursing care plan on April 3rd, 2012
(PRIMARY CARBONIC ACID DEFICIT) I. Pathophysiology—acute or chronic increase in respiratory rate and volume, primarily triggered by hypoxemia or direct stimulation of the central respiratory center of the brain a. Acute: PaCO2 is below lower limit of normal, serum pH is alkalemic due to loss of potassium, and phosphate secondary to cellular uptake. b. Chronic: PaCO2 is ...
Written by ncp nursing care plan on April 3rd, 2012
RESPIRATORY ACID-BASE IMBALANCES I. Pathophysiology—the body has the remarkable ability to maintain plasma pH within a narrow range of 7.35 to 7.45. a. Accomplished by chemical buffering mechanisms involving the lungs and kidneys i. Lungs compensate for acid-base imbalances resulting from altered levels of metabolic acids. ii. Kidneys compensate for acid-base imbalances resulting from altered levels of carbonic ...

Source Credits: Nursing Care Planning Guides: For Adults in Acute, Extended and Home Care Settings by S. P. Ulrich and S. W. Canale BSN MSN / Nursing Care Plans by M. Doenges MF Moorehouse Alice Murr