Category Archives: Metabolic Acid Base Imbalances

Nursing care plan metabolic alkalosis primary base bicarbonate excess

I. Pathophysiology a. Increase in base or bicarbonate (HCO3 –) concentration, generally reflecting a relative loss or shift of hydrogen (H+) and/or gain in HCO3 –. b. Organ systems most often involved are the kidneys and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. … Continue reading

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Nursing care plan metabolic acidosis primary base bicarbonate deficiency

I. Pathophysiology a. Reflects a relative excess of acid or hydrogen (H+) and a deficit of base or bicarbonate (HCO3 –) b. Gain of strong acid may be endogenous (for example, ketoacids from lipid metabolism) or exogenous (for example, NH4Cl … Continue reading

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