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Most Recent Articles For: Metabolic Acid Base Imbalances

Written by ncp nursing care plan on April 14th, 2012
I. Pathophysiology a. Increase in base or bicarbonate (HCO3 –) concentration, generally reflecting a relative loss or shift of hydrogen (H+) and/or gain in HCO3 –. b. Organ systems most often involved are the kidneys and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. c. Consequences of the condition on organ systems dependent on degree of alkalemia and underlying pathology. II. Etiology a. Chloride-responsive: Urine ...
Written by ncp nursing care plan on April 14th, 2012
I. Pathophysiology a. Reflects a relative excess of acid or hydrogen (H+) and a deficit of base or bicarbonate (HCO3 –) b. Gain of strong acid may be endogenous (for example, ketoacids from lipid metabolism) or exogenous (for example, NH4Cl infusion). c. Bicarbonate loss may occur via the bowel or kidneys. II. Etiology—characterized by normal or high anion ...

Source Credits: Nursing Care Planning Guides: For Adults in Acute, Extended and Home Care Settings by S. P. Ulrich and S. W. Canale BSN MSN / Nursing Care Plans by M. Doenges MF Moorehouse Alice Murr